Associations of major depressive disorder and related clinical characteristics with 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels in middle-aged adults
Vitamin D deficiency has been suggested to contribute to the onset of depression, but published results are inconsistent.
The results support that patients with depression have lower 25(OH)D concentrations than non-depressed individuals. Distinct subtypes, particularly the atypical subtype, may play a special role in this context. Therefore, depression heterogeneity should be considered in future research.
Associations of major depressive disorde
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